CRP u dijagnostici akutnih respiratornih infekcija - Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012

Biomarkers as point-of-care tests to guide prescription of antibiotics in patients
with acute respiratory infections in primary care.

Aabenhus R, Jensen J-US, J?rgensen KJ, Hróbjartsson A, Bjerrum L.
Cochrane Database of Systematic
Reviews 2012,

Antibiotics: On-the-spot tests reduce unnecessary prescriptions.


Fast, on-the-spot tests for bacterial infections may help to reduce excessive antibiotic use. A systematic review published in The Cochrane Library, found that when doctors tested for the presence of bacterial infections they prescribed fewer antibiotics.
Antibiotics treat infections caused by bacteria but not those caused by viruses. Most patients who visit their doctors with acute respiratory infections are suffering from viral infections like the common cold. However, because doctors usually have no immediate way of knowing whether an infection is bacterial or viral, they may still prescribe antibiotics for these patients. Unnecessary use of antibiotics gives bacteria more opportunities to develop resistance to the drugs, meaning that common antibiotics are increasingly powerless in treating serious bacterial infections when they do occur. One way to tackle this problem is to offer on-the-spot tests that can help doctors to better target antibiotic use in people who have bacterial infections.

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